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When we imagine the lush mountain streams of the Balkans, one of the first images that comes to mind is the brown trout. This beautiful fish, with its colorful body and graceful movements, represents the purity and natural beauty of these waters. Among all the fish we catch using fly fishing techniques, the brown trout is the most famous and therefore the most sought after.

Appearance and Body Colors

The brown trout is known for its vibrant colors and patterns on its body. Its body is usually brown, golden, or olive, with many black and red spots distributed along the sides. Their colors vary depending on the region where they live, adapting to the environment to better camouflage themselves from prey and predators.

Size of the Fish

The most common specimens of brown trout in the Balkans are usually between 15 and 35 centimeters long. There has been a noticeable increase in awareness and concern for the population in some areas, resulting in more frequent catches exceeding 50 cm. Despite their relatively small size, these fish are resilient and provide an exciting fishing experience.


Brown trout prefer fast and cold mountain streams with clean and oxygen-rich water. This fish can be found throughout the entire Balkan Peninsula, including mountain rivers in Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia, Macedonia, and Albania. They are most commonly found hiding in rapids and underwater rocks, where they hunt their prey.


Brown trout is a true predator, feeding on insects, worms, crayfish, smaller fish, and other aquatic organisms. Their diet varies depending on the availability of food in the water, but usually includes a variety of insects that fall on or fly above the water.

Fly Fishing Techniques

For brown trout fishing in the Balkans, fly fishing techniques are the most popular. The use of fly fishing equipment allows anglers to accurately cast flies into fast-moving waters where these fish are usually found. Some of the most popular flies for catching brown trout are pheasant tail nymphs and hare’s ear nymphs. The most popular materials for tying dry flies include CDC feathers, deer hair, pheasant feathers, partridge feathers, red thread, black thread, etc. Fishing for brown trout with fly fishing techniques requires patience, precision, and a sense of water, but rewards anglers with an unforgettable experience and beautiful catches.


Brown trout in the Balkans is not just a fish, but a symbol of the purity and beauty of mountain streams. Their presence in these waters reminds us of the importance of preserving natural habitats and maintaining balance in ecosystems. By respecting fishing regulations and promoting sustainable practices, we can ensure that brown trout continue to adorn our mountain streams and provide enjoyment to anglers across the Balkans.


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